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James Fenimore Cooper And Nathaniel Hawthorne  

2009-12-07 18:37:49|  分类: 花中李的英语毕业 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Many great people have told history. Stories of how we progressed from the small colonies to the country we are today have been passed down to every generation. We were given the idea of our triumphs, struggles, tragedies and adventures of history through story telling, and no- one tells of the adventure of history like James Fenimore Cooper and Nathaniel Hawthorne. They wrote with such a passion of history entwined with adventure that it swept you away into their world. After all, that is what makes a classic timeless, the passing down of history. Let us start with James Fenimore Cooper. James Cooper was born in 1789, and in 1790 his family moved to Cooperstown. The rest of his brothers had died and Cooper was the head of the household; he took on the responsibility of caring for his family. In 1803 he entered Yale and was expelled in 1805 for a prank. After serving on the Veruvius for three and a half years, he left the navy and married Susan Delancey. They had five daughters and two sons. In 1826, he added the Fenimore to his name. But it was by accident that James Fenimore Cooper became a writer. He took a dare from his wife to write a better book than the English one he had been reading to her. Precaution was published in 1820. Though I completely understand why it won't be on anyone's nightstand, it does show us some importance to understanding Cooper's writings. We know that he critically observed the manners and morals of Europe during a seven-year tour of England and then upon his return to America, he remained a defender of American principles, but also a caustic critic of American Practice. The central idea of Precaution (1820) was parents taking more time to ensure the proper marriage of their daughters. Here, I believe he reveals an early interest in social themes and moral principles. The lack of the principle is what ultimately leads Jane to get her feelings hurt when the man she loves runs off with a new, young heiress. Though the characters are like lifeless cardboard, Precaution's theme dimly foreshadows what is to come next. If a reader was to read only Cooper's early fiction and perhaps a volume of his social criticism, they are likely to go away with the feeling of Cooper having several mistaken notions. Not many would see the mixture of adventure and romance and novels of social purpose. But when he published The Spy his fame began as an American novelist. His next novel, The Pioneers was published in 1823. It began the sage in which Cooper has still remained an American Genius. The Leatherstocking Tales. The effort of the five novels clearly sets Cooper among the best authors in American Literature. He addresses culture's relation to the past; to the struggle of achieving a sense of historical form. At the time, national primary held an irresistible appeal, but the leatherstocking tales is balanced with a defense of historical continuity. He realized that America's autonomy implied a freedom and precarious future. He begins with portraying America as free from and bound to the past. He also tries to offer a doublevision, so to speak, purposing reconciling freedom and restraint as well. Cooper was better at writing symbolic history than romance. It was Cooper who created the American Hero myth that is still a big part of our literary world today. While Cooper portrayed very little historical fact , or historical fact in his view depends on how you feel towards his writings. Nevertheless, Cooper remains one of the best historical writers of his century.

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